Understanding who controls information, or the information environment, is an important part of information literacy. Zurkowski saw that control shifting over the 60s and 70s, when “Both the information industry and the computer services industry are engaged in creating an information equivalent or counterpart of all events, artifacts, and people of human existence-past, present, and future.“ I doubt he was thinking about big data and surveillance on the scale we have it today, but he did see an ethical issue.

Zurkowski, Paul G. 1981. “The Library Context & The Information Context: Bridging The Theoretical Gap.” Library Journal 106 (13):1381.